支持香港居民(包括青少年)来加拿大的措施

背景图
作为政府整体应对措施的一部分,加拿大移民、难民和公民事务部(IRCC)正在实施一系列措施,允许香港学生和青年持工作和学习许可快速来到加拿大,并提供新的永久居留途径。新的永久居留途径也将惠及已在加拿大持现有工作和学习许可的香港人。

一旦限制COVID-19传播的旅行限制取消,我们正在改进和加强推广现有的计划和途径,以支持希望在加拿大学习、工作、逗留或永久居住的香港居民。

IRCC也在加快办理居住在香港的加拿大公民和加拿大永久居民的文件,让他们可以随时回到加拿大。加拿大人和加拿大永久居民在香港的家属只要符合旅行限制的豁免条件,也可以前往加拿大。我们提醒所有前往加拿大的人士,在抵达加拿大后必须隔离14天。

这些措施是对加拿大国际伙伴所采取的行动的补充。

為香港青年提供新的臨時及永久途徑

  • 加拿大将加快为符合条件并想来加拿大工作或学习的香港年轻人办理许可证。与2019年相比,我们已经看到2020年上半年的学习许可申请有所增加,政府将继续推广这一机会。
  • 除了现有的香港青年工作和学习选择外,一项专门针对香港青年的新工作许可措施将提供最长3年的开放式工作许可,资格标准以过去5年内在加拿大或国外完成的高等教育为中心。合资格的配偶或同居伴侣,以及受抚养的子女,也可酌情申请学习或工作许可。这一举措预计将很快推出。
  • 对于那些来此学习或工作的人,2条新的永久居留途径正在建立,将于2021年推出。
    • 第一条途径将针对在加拿大获得至少一年工作经验的前香港居民,并满足其他标准,如最低语言和教育水平。
    • 第二种途径将针对那些从加拿大高等教育机构毕业的人。这些人就可以直接申请永久居留。
  • 对于这两种途径,主申请人还可以在申请中包括在加拿大的配偶、伴侣和受抚养子女。
  • 加拿大将从这些新措施中受益,这些措施将确保这些前香港居民拥有技能和教育,能够很好地融入社会,为我们的经济做出贡献。


正在实施的其他措施

  • 我们对临时在加拿大的香港居民申请续签身份以延长居留时间的,免收申请手续费。
  • IRCC正在加大宣传和招聘力度,以吸引香港青年到加拿大留学和其他项目领域,包括加拿大国际体验项目。IRCC将恢复处理香港青年的加拿大国际体验项目申请,该项目因COVID-19而暂停。获批的加拿大国际体验项目参与者已经可以根据目前的旅行限制前往加拿大,但前提是他们必须有一份正在进行的工作邀请。以青年为重点的项目是获得获得永久居留资格所需经验的重要通道。
  • IRCC也在加大对超级签证的推广力度,超级签证是为父母和祖父母提供的签证,允许在长达10年的时间里多次入境加拿大,每次最多可停留2年。
  • 作为恢复业务的优先事项之一,税局已拨出资源,加快处理永久居留申请,包括家庭担保的申请。这将惠及香港申请人。在加拿大境内申请永久居留的配偶或同居伴侣可申请开放式工作许可。


对于在加拿大或第三国有被迫害风险的个人而言

  • 加拿大支持和平抗议、言论自由和集会自由的权利。参加和平抗议在加拿大不被视为犯罪。在加拿大境外因在加拿大不被视为犯罪的行动而被逮捕和定罪,不能成为不被接纳的理由。
  • 在加拿大的外国公民,包括香港居民,继续可以利用我们的庇护制度。所有符合条件的庇护申请都是根据个人的案情和提交给加拿大移民和难民委员会(IRB)这一独立行政法庭的证据来决定的。移民及难民委员会不断评估寻求庇护者产生国的情况,并更新研究资料,以包括加拿大的最新发展,确保决策者能够获得最新的信息。
  • 由于香港的情况不断恶化,可能会使一些人面临风险,我们已对香港居民实施了一项豁免,使其不受遣返前风险评估12个月的限制。遣送前风险评估旨在审查个人被遣送回国后可能面临的风险。一般来说,如果个人的难民申请被移民和难民局或联邦法院驳回,或之前的遣返前风险评估申请被驳回,则在作出决定之日起至少12个月内没有资格申请遣返前风险评估。有了这项豁免,一些以前不符合资格的人现在可能有资格在被加拿大遣返前再接受一次评估。
  • 逃亡到其他国家而面临迫害风险的香港居民,也可能符合加拿大现有的安置计划,包括私人赞助难民计划和政府援助难民计划。

Measures to support Hong Kong residents, including youth, to come to Canada

Backgrounder

As part of the whole-of-government response, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) is implementing a number of measures that will allow Hong Kong students and youth to quickly come to Canada on work and study permits as well as new pathways to stay permanently. The new permanent residence pathways will also benefit people from Hong Kong already in Canada under existing work and study permits.

We are making enhancements to, and increasing promotion of, existing programs and pathways to support Hong Kong residents who want to study, work, stay or live permanently in Canada, once the travel restrictions to limit the spread of COVID-19 are lifted.

IRCC is also speeding up processing of documents for Canadian citizens and Canadian permanent residents living in Hong Kong, so they can come back to Canada at any time. Family members in Hong Kong of Canadians and Canadian permanent residents may also travel to Canada provided that they meet the exemptions to the travel restrictions. All persons coming to Canada are reminded that they must quarantine for 14 days upon arrival.

These measures complement the actions being taken by Canada’s international partners.

New temporary and permanent pathways for Hong Kong youth

  • Canada will expedite the processing of permits for young people from Hong Kong who are eligible and want to come to Canada to work or study. We have already seen an increase in study permit applications in the first half of 2020 compared to 2019, and the government will continue to promote this opportunity.
  • In addition to the existing work and study options for Hong Kong youth, a new work permit initiative specific to Hong Kong youth will provide open work permits of up to 3 years in duration, with eligibility criteria centred on post-secondary education in Canada or abroad completed in the last 5 years. Eligible spouses or common-law partners, as well as dependent children, can also apply for a study or work permit, as appropriate. This initiative is expected to launch soon.
  • For those who come here to either study or work, 2 new pathways to permanent residence are being created, which will be available in 2021:
    • The first will target former Hong Kong residents who have gained a minimum of 1 year of authorized work experience in Canada and meet other criteria such as minimum language and education levels.
    • The second pathway will be for those who have graduated from a post-secondary institution in Canada. These individuals can then apply directly for permanent residence.
  • For both these pathways, principal applicants will also be able to include in-Canada spouses, partners, and dependent children in their application.
  • Canada will benefit from these new measures, which will ensure these former Hong Kong residents have the skills and education to integrate well and contribute to our economy.

Additional measures being implemented

  • We are waiving application processing fees for Hong Kong residents in Canada on a temporary basis who apply to renew their status to extend their stay.
  • IRCC is increasing promotional and recruitment efforts to attract Hong Kong youth to study in Canada and in other program areas, including International Experience Canada. IRCC will resume processing International Experience Canada applications for Hong Kong youth, which has been paused due to COVID-19. Approved International Experience Canada participants can already travel to Canada under the current travel restrictions, provided they have a current and active job offer. Youth-focused programs are important gateways to gaining experience needed to qualify for permanent residence.
  • IRCC is also increasing promotion of super visas, which are visas for parents and grandparents that allow for multiple entries to Canada for up to 2 years at a time over a period of up to 10 years.
  • As part of business resumption priorities, IRCC has allocated resources to speed up processing of permanent residence applications, including for family sponsorship. This will benefit Hong Kong applicants. Spouses or common-law partners who have applied for permanent residence from within Canada can apply for an open work permit.

For individuals at risk of persecution who are in Canada or in a third country

  • Canada supports the right to peaceful protest, freedom of expression and freedom of assembly. Taking part in peaceful protests is not considered an offence in Canada. Arrests and convictions outside Canada for actions not considered an offence in Canada are not grounds for inadmissibility.
  • Foreign nationals in Canada, including Hong Kong residents, continue to have access to our asylum system. All eligible asylum claims are decided based on the individual merits and evidence presented to the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB), an independent administrative tribunal. The IRB is constantly evaluating conditions in asylum-seeker-producing countries and is updating research material to include the latest developments in Hong Kong and ensure that decision makers have access to the most recent information.
  • Due to the worsening conditions in Hong Kong that could put some individuals at risk, we have implemented an exemption to the 12-month bar on a pre-removal risk assessment (PRRA) for Hong Kong residents. A PRRA examines the risk an individual may face if they are returned to their home country. Normally, individuals who receive a negative decision on their refugee claim from the IRB or the Federal Court, or on their previous PRRA application, are not eligible to apply for a PRRA for at least 12 months from the date of their decision. With this exemption, some individuals who were previously ineligible may now be eligible for another assessment before being removed from Canada.
  • Hong Kong residents at risk of persecution who have fled to another country may also be eligible under Canada’s existing resettlement programs, including the Private Sponsorship of Refugees Program and the Government-Assisted Refugees Program.

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